Phoenix Arizona Business Directory

Phoenix Arizona Demographics

We’re understandably proud of our city – a primary cultural, economic, and financial center in the area. When comparing size, it is the second largest city in the Western United States after Los Angeles. Phoenix is also the largest state capital in the United States in terms of population. The city was incorporated on February 25, 1881. Phoenix and the surrounding area is home to a broad range of cultural activities including the performing arts, museums, and events.

Couple at computer


City Population: 1,429,637 people

Age Distribution:
Under 5 years: 124,995
5 to 9 years: 115,505
10 to 14 years: 110,937
15 to 19 years: 101,648
20 to 24 years: 94,630
25 to 34 years: 246,609
35 to 44 years: 215,335
45 to 54 years: 184,033
55 to 59 years: 76,260
60 to 64 years: 47,669
65 to 74 years: 60,697
75 to 84 years: 35,441
85 years and over: 15,878

Median age: 31.7

Gender Distribution:
Male: 51.3%
Female: 48.7

Households and families

In 2006 there were 481,000 households in Phoenix city with an average household size was 2.9 people.

Families made up 65 percent of the households in Phoenix city. This figure includes both married-couple families (45 percent) and other families (20 percent). Nonfamily households made up 35 percent of all households in Phoenix city. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some were composed of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

Nativity and language

Seventy-seven percent of the people living in Phoenix were native, including 36 percent who were born in Arizona. Twenty-three percent of the people living in the city in 2006 were foreign born.

39 percent of the population 5 years or older spoke a language other than English at home in 2006. Of those speaking a language other than English at home, 86 percent spoke Spanish and 14 percent spoke some other language; 51 percent reported that they did not speak English "very well".

Geographic mobility

In 2006, 77 percent of the Phoenix population lived in the same residence they occupied a year earlier; 17 percent had moved during the past year from another residence in the same county, 1 percent from another county in the same state, 4 percent from another state, and 1 percent from abroad.


In 2006, 78 percent of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 24 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher. Twenty-two percent were not enrolled in school and had not graduated from high school.

Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 41,000 and elementary or high school enrollment was 262,000 children. College or graduate school enrollment was 76,000. The total school enrollment in Phoenix city was 380,000 in 2006.


Twelve percent of the Phoenix population five years or older reported a disability. Six percent of people 5 to 15 years old, 11 percent of people 16 to 64 years old, and to 41 percent of those 65 and older are likely to have a disability.

Construction worker


Educational services, health care, and social assistance were the leading industries for Phoenix in 2006 at 15 percent. Construction was also a significant industry at 13 percent.

Occupations and type of employer

Among the most common occupations were: Management, professional, and related occupations, 31 percent; Sales and office occupations, 27 percent; Service occupations, 17 percent; Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair occupations, 14 percent; and Production, transportation, and material moving occupations, 11 percent. Eighty-four percent of the people employed were Private wage and salary workers; 9 percent was Federal, state, or local government workers; and 6 percent was Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers.

Medical instruments


The average income of households in Phoenix city was $46,645. Eighty-six percent of the households received earnings and 12 percent received retirement income other than Social Security. Twenty percent of the households received Social Security with an average income from Social Security at $13,287. Some households received an income from more than one of these sources.


Seventeen percent of the Phoenix population was in poverty for 2006. Twenty-four percent of related children under 18 were below the poverty level, compared with 11 percent of people 65 years old and over. Thirteen percent of all families and 28 percent of single parent families with no husband present had incomes below the poverty level.

Housing characteristics

In 2006, Phoenix city had a total of 540,000 housing units, 89 percent of which were occupied. Out of all the housing units, 64 percent were individual homes, 33 percent were a part of multi-unit structures, and 3 percent were mobile homes. Thirty percent of the housing units were built in 1990 or later.

Occupied housing unit characteristics

In 2006, Phoenix city had 481,000 occupied housing units - 291,000 (61 percent) owner occupied and 189,000 (39 percent) renter occupied. Eight percent of the households did not have telephone service and 8 percent of the households did not have access to a personal vehicle. Thirty-eight percent of households had two vehicles and another 16 percent had three or more.

Housing costs

Forty percent of homeowners with mortgages, 15 percent of owners without mortgages, and 49 percent of renters in Phoenix city spent 30 percent or more of household income on housing. The average monthly housing expenses for mortgaged owners was $1,390, non-mortgaged owners $377, and renters $769.